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SECTION A MINI-LECTURE

In this section you will hear a mini-lecture. You will hear the lecture ONCE ONLY. While listening, take notes on the important points. Your notes will not be marked, but you will need them to complete a gap-filling task after the mini-lecture. When the lecture is over, you will be given two minutes to check your notes, and another ten minutes to complete the gap-filling task on ANSWER SHEET ONE. Use the blank sheet for note-taking.

Observing Behaviour
People do observation in daily life context for safety or for proper behaviour. However, there are differences in daily-life observation and research observation.

A. Differences
---- daily life observation
-casual
-(1) ________
-dependence on memory
---- research observation
- (2) _________
- careful record keeping

B. Ways to select samples in research
---- time sampling
- systematic: e.g. fixed intervals every hour
- random: fixed intervals but (3) _______
Systematic sampling and random sampling are often used in combination.
---- (4) _______
- definition: selection of different locations
- reason: humans’ or animals’ behaviour (5) ______ across
circumstances
- (6) ______: more objective observations

C. Ways to record behaviour (7) _______
---- observation with intervention
- participant observation: researcher as observer and participant
- field experiment: research (8) ______ over conditions
---- observation without intervention
-purpose: describing behaviour (9) ______
- (10) ______ : no intervention
- researcher: a passive recorder

重点单词   查看全部解释    
observe [əb'zə:v]

想一想再看

v. 观察,遵守,注意到
v. 评论,庆

联想记忆
cabinet ['kæbinit]

想一想再看

n. 橱柜,内阁
adj. 私人的

联想记忆
issue ['iʃju:]

想一想再看

n. 发行物,期刊号,争论点
vi. & vt

 
investigate [in'vestigeit]

想一想再看

v. 调查,研究
[计算机] 研究

联想记忆
limited ['limitid]

想一想再看

adj. 有限的,被限制的
动词limit的过

 
renaissance [rə'neisəns]

想一想再看

n. 文艺复兴,再生

联想记忆
convention [kən'venʃən]

想一想再看

n. 大会,协定,惯例,公约

联想记忆
musician [mju:'ziʃən]

想一想再看

n. 音乐家,作曲家

 
primary ['praiməri]

想一想再看

adj. 主要的,初期的,根本的,初等教育的

联想记忆
minutes ['minits]

想一想再看

n. 会议记录,(复数)分钟

 
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