What Do Active Learners Do?
Good morning! Today I'll discuss what is active learning and what do active learners do.
In order to define active learning, I'll look at the differences between active learning and passive learning by examining six characteristics of active learners and contrasting them with those of passive learners.
Ok. Let's start with the first characteristic.
Active learners tend to read with the purpose of understanding and remembering.
I bet that no one deliberately sits down to read with the purpose of not understanding the text.
However, I'm sure that some of you have been in a situation, probably more than once, where you read, quote and unquote, an assignment, closed the text and thought "what the world was that about?"
When you interact with the text in this manner, you are reading passively.
Active readers, on the other hand, set goals before they read and check their understanding as they read.
When they finish, they can explain the main points and know that they have understood what they have read.
Now, the second characteristic of active learners is to reflect on information and think critically.
Being reflective is an important part of active learning, because it means that you are thinking about the information.
In other words, you are processing the information.
For instance, you may make connections between the new information and what you already know, identify concepts that you may not understand very well, or evaluate the importance of what you are reading.
An active learner reflects constantly in this way.
In contrast, passive learners may read the text and listen to lectures and even understand most of what is read and heard, but they do not take that crucial next step of actually thinking about it.