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M: I can give you an example. Recently, a New York Times' article describes the town of Selinsgrove in Pennsylvania. You see, in the last ten years, things have barely changed in that town. The population has dropped by one from 5,384 to 5,383, and the town remains virtually 100% white. The article thus concludes that many portions of the country remain like Selinsgrove virtually unchanged on this march towards diversity.

男:我可以给你举个例子。最近《纽约时报》的一篇文章写了宾夕法尼亚的锡林斯格罗夫镇。在过去的十年里,这个小镇几乎没什么变化。人口从5384人下降至5383人,几乎全是白人。文章因此得出结论,就多样性方面而言,这个国家许多地方都像锡林斯格罗夫镇一样几乎没有什么变化。

W: So regions vary in terms of the degree and types of diversity.

女:所以不同地区多样性的程度和类型也不一样。

M: That's correct. Let's see, there are 3 types of diversity in the U.S. and they differ from region to region.

男:是的。美国有三种类型的多样性,而每个地区的多样性都不同。

W: Could you elaborate on that?

女:你可以详细说明一下吗?

M: OK. The first is the racial diversity. States with the most racially diverse populations stand and start contrast to those with the least racially diverse populations.Umm, let's look at two states, California and Maine. From 1990 to 2000, California's Caucasian population, mainly non-Hispanic whites declined from 57% to 48%. By 2025 as it is predicted, that figure will drop to just 34%, which indicates a future change in a racial composition of California. On the contrary, Maine's Caucasian population was 98% of its total population to around the 1990s. And by 2025, Maine's population will still be 97% Caucasian, which means virtually no change in Maine's racial diversity over the next 20 or so years.

男:好的。第一种是种族多样性。人口最具种族多样性的州和人口种族多样性最不明显的州差距很大。嗯,我们来看两个州,加州和缅因州。从1990年到2000年,加州的高加索民族人口,也是主要的非西班牙裔白人,从57%下降至48%。据估计,到2025年之前,这个数字会降至34%,这意味着未来加州的种族组成会发生变化。相反,20世纪90年代,缅因州的高加索人口占总人口的98%。到2025年,缅因州的高加索人口依旧占总人口数的97%,这意味着未来的20几年,缅因州的种族多样性没有实质性变化。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
critical ['kritikəl]

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adj. 批评的,决定性的,危险的,挑剔的
a

 
population [.pɔpju'leiʃən]

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n. 人口 ,(全体)居民,人数

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demography [di:'mɔgrəfi]

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n. 人口统计学

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vary ['vɛəri]

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v. 变化,改变,使多样化

 
diverse [dai'və:s]

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adj. 不同的,多种多样的

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contrary ['kɔntrəri]

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adj. 相反的,截然不同的
adv. 相反(

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composition [.kɔmpə'ziʃən]

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n. 作文,著作,组织,合成物,成份

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diversity [dai'və:siti]

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n. 差异,多样性,分集

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alter ['ɔ:ltə]

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v. 改变,更改,阉割,切除

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figure ['figə]

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n. 图形,数字,形状; 人物,外形,体型
v

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