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Writing experiental reports

写实验报告
Good morning, everyone. Today we'll discuss some preliminaries concerning how to write experimental reports.
大家早上好。今天我们将讨论写实验报告的基本要点。
When you first signed up for a course in university, like a psychology course, chances are that you didn't really expect what was coming in your study;
大学里第一次选课的时候,比如心理学课,你可能不知道这门课会给你带来什么;
particularly, the course emphasis on methodology and statistics.
尤其是强调方法论和统计学的课程。
For a few of you, this may have come as a pleasant surprise, provided that you have already known something about the course.
对于你们中的一小部分人来说,如果你们已经对这门课程有了一些了解,可能会有一个惊喜。
For most, however, I dare say, it will undoubtedly have been a shock to the system.
然而,我敢说,对大多数人来说,这无疑是对系统的冲击。
No doubt in other parts of your course study, you will read books and journals, examining, critically, models and theories, assumptions and hypotheses put forward by scholars and specialists.
毫无疑问,在课程学习的其他时候,你会阅读书籍和期刊,批判性地研究学者和专家提出的模型,理论和假设。
My task today is to help you understand some of the important features of experimental reports,
我今天的任务是帮助你理解实验报告的一些重要特征,
because you will have to write up some kind of report of this nature if your course gives prominence to practical work, especially experimenting.
因为如果你的课程强调实践,特别是实验,你必须写这样的报告。
Then what is an experimental report?
那么什么是实验报告呢?
All the report is, really, is the place in which you tell the story of your study, like what you did, why you did it, what you found out in the process and so on.
报告里你要讲述学习经历,比如你做过什么,为什么这样做,你在过程中发现了什么,等等。
In doing this, you're more like an ancient storyteller,
在这个过程中,你更像是一个古代的讲故事者,
whose stories were structured in accordance with widely recognized and long established conventions than a modern novelist who is free to dictate form as well as content.
他们的故事是按照广为认可的、早已确立的传统构思的,而不像自由支配形式和内容的现代小说家。
Moreover, like the storyteller of old, although you will invariably be telling your story to someone who knows quite a bit about it already,
而且,就像讲故事的人一样,虽然你总是把故事讲给非常了解这个故事的人,
you are expected to present it as if it had never been heard before.
你还是应该把它完整地呈现出来,就好像从没人听过这个故事一样。
This means that you will need to spell out the details and assume little knowledge of the area on the part of your audience.
这意味着你需要详细说明每个细节,并且假定你的听众对这个领域了解很少。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
assume [ə'sju:m]

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vt. 假定,设想,承担; (想当然的)认为

联想记忆
understand [.ʌndə'stænd]

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vt. 理解,懂,听说,获悉,将 ... 理解为,认为<

 
methodology [.meθə'dɔlədʒi]

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n. 一套方法,方法学

 
emphasis ['emfəsis]

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n. 强调,重点

 
dictate [dik'teit]

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vi. 听写
vt. 口述,口授
n

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experimental [iks.peri'mentl]

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adj. 实验(性)的,试验(性)的

 
established [is'tæbliʃt]

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adj. 已被确认的,确定的,建立的,制定的 动词est

 
invariably [in'vɛəriəbli]

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adv. 不变化地,一定不变地,常常地

 
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