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M: Then, how does Toastmasters train people?

男:那么,国际演讲协会如何训练人呢?
W: Toastmasters has an approach of learning by doing.
女:国际演讲协有种在实践中学习的方法。
W: The Toastmasters International Organization provides a menu we refer to as the basic menu, because it gives a guideline for the development of speeches.
女:国际演讲协会有一张菜单,我们称之为基本菜单,因为它为培训演讲提供了指导。
W: These speeches cater to different purposes, for example, one objective might be to develop vocal variety;
女:这些演讲都有不同的目的,例如,有一个目的就可能是培养声音的变化;
W: another might be to organize your thoughts, or develop your use of humor in speeches.
女:还有一个目的可能是组织想法,或者在演讲中展现幽默。
M: Can you also learn other skills, such as parliamentary procedures or being master of ceremonies?
男:还能学习其他技能吗?比如议事程序或主持仪式。
W: Yes, different assignments within Toastmasters involve not only in preparation of speeches and then presenting these before an audience,
女:可以,在演讲协会中,不同的任务不仅包括准备演讲,在观众面前展示这些内容,
W: but also the opportunity of serving as toastmaster of the meeting.
女:还包括担任会议主持人的机会。
W: This assignment helps members practice being an MC for a meeting, that is a master of ceremonies.
女:这项任务帮助会员练习担任MC,也就是一个仪式的主持人。
W: Other assignments include serving as an evaluator for another speaker or serving as a grammarian who will monitor use of filler words or phrases, such as and, er, or you know.
女:其他的任务包括评论其他会员的演讲,或负责监督使用填充词或短语,比如“而且”“呃”和“你知道的”。
W: Both of these assignments will allow the members to increase or enhance their listening skills.
女:这两项任务都使得会员们提高倾听技能。
M: I know that there is an 8-week program for young people and also an 8-week speech craft course offered for adults. What do these involve?
男:我知道有一个针对年轻人的8周计划,也有针对成年人的8周演讲技巧课程。这些包括什么呢?
W: They are basically an introduction to Toastmasters in general,
女:基本上是对国际演讲协会的总体介绍,
W: a sample providing the opportunity for an individual to determine whether or not they wish to get involved in Toastmasters by joining in a club.
女:可以看作一个样品,加入俱乐部看看自己是否愿意加入国际演讲协会。
M: What can an individual gain from being in Toastmasters?
男:参加演讲协会有什么好处?
W: I would say self-confidence and some tricks of the trade in the development of speeches.
女:我认为在培训演讲的过程中可以提高自信,学到一些技巧。
W: But that is only the beginning. As an individual continues to give speeches and then improve,
女:但这只是开始。一个人不断地发表演讲,然后不断进步,
W: he progresses from the point of being fearful to stand before a group of peers to the point where he can address any group of people with a degree of self-confidence.
女:他从恐惧站在同辈面前,进步到他够对任何一群人自信地讲话。
W: Leadership skills are also developed by learning to organize and conduct meetings.
女:领导能力也是通过学习组织和召开会议来培养的。
M: Ok, thank you very much, Mrs. Collins, for talking to us in the studio.
男:好的,科林斯女士,非常感谢你来到演播室与我们谈话。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
variety [və'raiəti]

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n. 多样,种类,杂耍

 
enhance [in'hɑ:ns]

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vt. 提高,加强,增加

 
cater ['keitə]

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v. 备办食物,迎合,满足

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sample ['sæmpl]

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n. 样品,样本
vt. 采样,取样

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organize ['ɔ:gənaiz]

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v. 组织

 
involve [in'vɔlv]

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vt. 包含,使陷入,使忙于,使卷入,牵涉

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address [ə'dres]

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n. 住址,致词,讲话,谈吐,(处理问题的)技巧

 
fearful ['fiəfəl]

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adj. 担心的,可怕的

 
craft [krɑ:ft]

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n. 工艺,手艺,狡诈,航空器,行会成员
vt

 
determine [di'tə:min]

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v. 决定,决心,确定,测定

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